RIPE Technology

Patterns and resources of technology architecture

Includes Software Architecture, Data Architecture, Front end Architecture


Roles in startup

Each organization is different in ideologies and approach yet has some similarities with other organizational set-ups. In this blog I will cover one type of a startup organization.

Companies define roles for multiple reasons- for scalability, efficiency, breaking cultural and organizational boundaries or breaking silos (also read: The changing role of the modern sales team


Organization heads (Team Leads): This role is needed to create a vertical strength in the team – example Marketing Team. Often, the lead role is broken down into Global Lead and Regional/Country lead for a globally distributed team. This person is in charge of executing vertical projects (in marketing country lead example: a person is in charge of producing results from the team of his/her country for the marketing). The people playing this role are responsible for quality and quantity of work in functional area (marketing or development or operations).

Project Manager/Scrum Masters (PM): These are the owner of time and resources. People playing this roles are responsible for delivery on time.

Each working team member typically answers to both functional head (let’s say marketing, if he/she works in marketing area) as well as Project Manager if he/she is working in projects (almost always people work in projects with some exceptions in Operations team).

In some cases when management overhead is required to manage a set of related people a new role can be introduced. Example: Internship Manager.

Another style of creating a collaborative environment is ‘Agile Team’. In this structure, one not only reports to the operations, development or marketing manager but are also convincing or working in interest of the project stake holder and product owner. A stake holder is one who invests money and expects a certain result in a product.While a product manager defines product features and how it can be shaped.

To assure success of a modern technology startup it is essential to have an environment of freely moving ideas and collaboration. The above organization structure inherently enforces a top-down style (boss is not always right in modern Silicon Valley startup). But we still need to keep some structure (like mentioned above).

Modern Silicon Valley startups have introduced roles like SME (Subject matter experts) or give amusing or strange titles to reflect an unusual role (from traditional sense) but has positive influence on ideas, projects and decision making.

SME is not specifically a definite role, people don’t report to a SME. This roles is highly paid, highly desired and is an advisory and influential role. It is possible for a marketing lead or PM to be SME as well. This is an expert role where the person has reached expertise and mastery of a subject. Companies try to cultivate the environment where multiple SME are present.

In case a special research is needed a SWAT team can be formed (like Navy seal / commando style) to define specific goals and achieve results.

In a typical Asian (hierarchical companies) the boss decides and followers follow.

In modern technology startup, PM manages product backlog (list of important features). A team (including stake holders, product owners) helps in prioritization with final day of stake holder . It is highly encouraged to receive new ideas and features from anyone. The ideas are added to product backlog. Each task or work is pear reviewed and presented to organization leads including product owner and receives advise or review from SMEs. In this case SME plays a crucial role in influencing and shaping ideas for product without technically having a lead role or direct reporting line.

Many companies have taken advantage of above dynamic, semi-structural and a little casual structure to have an agility, control, deliverable as well as innovations.

This article is prepared as part of training program (

RIPE The Safety Service


Thank God it’s a Long Weekend

‘Is it a holiday in USA?’, my friend asked and continued ‘And did you manage learning something out of it?’ The thought provoking question raised many perceptions that I felt would make for a great read.

In recent months, I began contemplating life differently. It started with my concern for my family and to enlighten them amply with all precautions to be taken as protection from Corona. And in that process, the safety initiatives for part time workers i.e. the cleaning ladies, part-time drivers and cooks at homes, worried me. Not just these, the inevitable health risk associated with active visiting business and school hours made me ponder about helplessness of humans in general and how we have all reached a point where being engaged in regular life activities could be detrimental to health.

My biggest learning is that there is absolutely no correlation between Education and being Corona-smart. There is an intangible conflict between taking risks in life and the risk of losing earnings on the other hand. And our tendency to take risk is also a function of public news, regardless of being authentic or a mere propaganda, and the number of casualties surrounding us.

 Another recent realization developed is a comprehension of general psychology where the norm is to adapt to the ‘tough environment’- either we end up getting used to it or act cautiously and carefully against it.

Keeping in consideration my growing concerns, I initiated different platforms via that intend to create awareness for caretakers of elderlies. A worksheet has been created modeling ‘Risk of having a part-time servant’ and ‘Risk of visiting office’. Since it is a predominant element now, risk calculator needs to be put in the hands of care takers of elderlies. Youtube video complimenting the model has been made too.

A PhD scholar, also serving as an Intern at, gave a valuable suggestion of creating Forms, Surveys or Polls allowing people to mention their situations, for example smoking or staff, to calculate risk. As per my thinking, an iPhone or Android App that calls API of shall calculate the risk based on criteria and solve this problem. Nonetheless, this belongs to the expertise of a hackathon or a Software developing intern who could provide assistance with this function.

My belief is that could prove to be a beneficial platform here, allowing people to create Forms that can compute on the fly after which we can attain results and analyze them. is not only aimed at generating profits but makes a conscious decision of acting as a social awareness tool.

This leads to the announcement of introducing a backlog feature to be revealed shortly!

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